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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Definition:

 

It is a genetic disorder in which the renal tubules become structurally abnormal, resulting in the development and growth of multiple cysts within the kidney.
These cysts may begin to develop in utero, in infancy, in childhood, or in adulthood.

Types:

  • Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).
  • Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).

 

Symptoms:

 

  • High blood pressure.
  • Back or side pain.
  • A headache.
  • A feeling of fullness in your abdomen.
  • Increased size of your abdomen due to enlarged kidneys.
  • Blood in your urine.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Urinary tract or kidney infections.

 

Treatment:

 

  • Pain medication, except ibuprofen (Advil), which isn’t recommended since it may worsen kidney disease.
  • Blood pressure medication.
  • Antibiotics to treat UTIs.
  • A low-sodium diet.
  • Diuretics to help remove excess fluid from the body.
  • Surgery to drain cysts and help relieve discomfort.
     
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